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2 key examples of junk science in forensics and criminal justice

ProPublica is a non-profit newsroom that investigates abuses of power. Sign up to receive our biggest stories as soon as they’re published. Decades have passed since the intersection of forensic science and criminal justice first became a pop culture phenomenon, popularized in countless TV shows, movies and books. But the growing public awareness of forensic techniques obscures a far more complex field that is rife with fake science—and the people who champion it, often for profit. For years, ProPublica has reported on these dubious techniques that have crept into every corner of our actual criminal justice system. So what isRead News

What is the key to happiness? We look at the science behind it.

Is there a key to happiness? It’s one of humanity’s greatest questions, and one we still don’t fully know the answer to. Although scientists are getting closer to identifying certain factors that can increase happiness, there are several reasons why finding a universal formula is not easy. Happiness is a complex phenomenon that is difficult to objectively define and measure. Sam Jahara, a psychotherapist at Psychotherapy in Brighton and Hove, UK (opens in a new tab), told Live Science that happiness is usually associated with joy, lightness, and gratitude. Happy people often have a positive outlook on their lives, pastRead News

Can science answer life’s biggest questions?

Dr. Alan Lightman has been around the block a couple of times. For the past fifty years, he has been a theoretical physicist, a professor at MIT, and a bestselling author, often simultaneously. His major novel, ‘Einstein’s Dreams’ has been adapted into dozens of plays and musicals since its publication in 1992, becoming one of the most famous examples of the fusion of art and science. Lightman’s work follows a philosophical way of thinking about life’s bigger questions, such as the origins of consciousness. His new venture brings that way of thinking to the big screen. “Search: Our Search forRead News

New data shows how fast light pollution is obscuring the night sky

The night sky has been clearing up faster than researchers thought, thanks to the use of artificial lights at night. A study of more than 50,000 star observations by citizen scientists reveals that the night sky got about 10% brighter, on average, every year from 2011 to 2022. In other words, a baby born in a region where about 250 stars were visible every night would only see 100 stars on his 18th birthday, researchers report in the Jan. 20 journal Science. Science News headlines, in your inbox Headlines and summaries of the latest Science News articles, delivered to yourRead News

NASA faces “tough choices” for current and future Earth science missions

WASHINGTON — The co-chairman of the most recent decennial survey of Earth science warned that NASA is making “difficult choices” between continuing current missions and starting new missions given limited funding. At a Jan. 17 meeting of NASA’s Advisory Board, Waleed Abdalati, a board member and NASA’s former chief scientist, said several factors have resulted in budget pressure for the program. of the agency’s Earth science and that the decennial survey’s recommendations for dealing with funding issues are largely exhausted. “It is quite clear that the resources are not and will not be available to fully implement the planned program,”Read News

Science will never make philosophy or religion obsolete

For hundreds of thousands of years — all of human history — we have not had definitive answers to some of the biggest existential questions we could have formulated. How did humans originate on planet Earth? What are we made of, at a basic level? How big is the Universe, and what is its origin? For several generations, they were questions for theologians, philosophers and poets. But in the last hundred years, humanity has discovered the most compelling and plausible answers to these questions and many others that we have ever had. Through the process of experimenting and making observations, we have greatly increasedRead News

‘Big Oil peddled the big lie’: UN chief slams energy giants for ignoring their own climate science

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has said that without further action, humanity will be on track to increase global temperatures by 2.8 degrees Celsius. Sean Gallup | News Getty Images | Getty Images UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Wednesday blasted fossil fuel giants for neglecting their own climate science, accusing the oil and gas industry of wanting to expand production even though it knows “full well” that their business model is incompatible with human survival. “Some in Big Oil have been peddling a lot of lies,” Guterres said during a special address at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. “AndRead News

Science is losing its ability to disrupt

What is included in my trial? During the trial period you will have full digital access to FT.com with everything in our Standard Digital and Premium Digital packages. Standard Digital includes access to a wealth of global news, analysis and expert opinion. Premium Digital includes access to our flagship business column, Lex, as well as 15 curated newsletters covering key business topics with original, in-depth reporting. For a full comparison of Standard and Premium Digital, click here. Change the plan you’ll switch to at any time during the trial period by visiting Settings & Account”. What happens at the endRead News

How sports can improve behavioral science

Researchers have added puzzles to the Minecraft game to study behavior. Source: Matthew Tostevin/Reuters When the American cognitive scientist Joshua Hartshorne researched how people around the world learn English, he had to have tens of thousands of people take a language test. He designed “What English?”, a grammar game that presented a series of difficult word problems and then guessed where in the world the player learned the language. Participants shared their results – accurate or inaccurate – on social media, creating a snowball effect in recruitment. The findings, based on data from nearly 670,000 people, revealed that there isRead News

What Happened to All the Scientific Breakthroughs?

What are the top 10 scientific discoveries of all time? Here are our top picks for the most important inventions of all time, along with the science behind the invention and how they came to be. Wheel. … The nail. … Compass. … The printing press. … The internal combustion engine. … The phone. … The bulb. … Penicillin. What is the greatest scientific discovery of all time? Without the discovery of DNA, we wouldn’t have all the groundbreaking studies going on right now in genome mapping and sequencing, so for that reason DNA has to be my number oneRead News

Potholes: what’s causing them and the science that could make roads more durable

SAN FRANCISCO (KGO) — If you drive in the Bay Area, chances are you’ve already hit a pothole. “Every county is seeing potholes. We have our maintenance crews out right now doing those repairs,” said Pedro Quintana, Caltrans public information officer. From the air, SKY7 captured crews repairing potholes Monday in the northbound lanes of Highway 101 in Redwood City. Up close, the numbers are staggering. In San Francisco, the public works department reports an average of 600 potholes per month. They have already exceeded this number in the first 13 days of January. Our roads are also saturated withRead News

Blue Monday Is Still All Capitalism And No Science

The PR machine is as strong as ever regarding the nonsense that is Blue Monday. We’re debunking Blue Monday once again. Credit: Golubovy/Shutterstock.com A version of this article was first published in 2018, and we’re sharing it pretty much as it was because the entire Blue Monday corporate invention continues to be traded as “science” and there are only a limited number of ways this can be done saying that’s bullsh*t. It’s the third week of January and with it comes the annual “Blue Monday” nonsense. To be perfectly clear, Blue Monday was a day chosen by UK holiday TVRead News

Can you submit this paper for 14 year old Science SATs?

Can YOU pass this Science SATs paper for a 14-year-old? Test yourself on these chemistry, biology and physics questions set for Year Nine pupils Published: 13:32 GMT, 15 January 2023 | Updated: 15/04/2023 13:39 GMT After British scientists spectacularly failed to launch a rocket into orbit this week… MailOnline is asking readers to challenge themselves with a series of science questions from a recent SATs exam for year nine pupils. Year 14 students take tests in chemistry, biology and physics to track their progress in chemistry, biology and physics before going on to do their GCSEs in year 10 –Read News

Splitting the atomic scientists: how the war in Ukraine ruined physics

In normal times, the four major physics experiments using proton collisions at Cern’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Switzerland publish dozens of scientific articles a year. But in March 2022, the number of new research papers produced by the LHC experiments dropped to zero. Reason: lack of agreement on how to list Russian and Belarusian scientists and institutions, if at all. The interim agreement, which is in place so far, should not be announced. Articles are the hard currency of research, used for the exchange of information and evidence of the contributions of individuals and financial institutions. The four largestRead News

Exxon Scientists Predicted Global Warming, Even as Companies Cast Doubts, Study Finds

What Biden said about Exxon? Why are Exxon profits so high? Thanks to rising oil prices and huge refining margins, Exxon posted $17.9 billion in profits and $115.7 billion in revenue for the three months between the end of March and the end of June . To wrap your mind around such absurd figures, imagine pulling into an Exxon gas station and filling up your tank. What did Biden say about Exxon? “I can’t believe I have to say this but giving profits to shareholders is not the same as cutting prices for American families,†Biden tweeted on Friday. BidenRead News

Exxon Mobil has accurately predicted global warming since the 1970s, study finds

Scientists at oil and gas giant Exxon Mobil made remarkably accurate predictions about global warming, even as the company made public statements that contradicted the findings of its own scientists, according to a new study. Study reveals oil giant’s research predicted global warming with up to 83% accuracy Posted: Jan 13, 2023 11:39 a.m. EST | Last updated: January 13 Scientists at oil and gas giant Exxon Mobil made remarkably accurate predictions about global warming, even as the company made public statements that contradicted the findings of its own scientists, according to a new study. The study published in theRead News

Disruptive scientific research is slowing down and threatening progress

If you measure by the sheer amount of published papers, we are in the golden age of science. There are more scientists than ever; there are more publications than ever; and while much great work remains underfunded, there is more funding than ever before. Federal R&D funding has grown from $3.5 billion in 1955 to $137.8 billion in 2020, a more than tenfold increase even after adjusting for inflation. Fields like artificial intelligence and biotechnology seem to be booming, but outside of a few specific areas, like artificial intelligence and biotechnology, it doesn’t seem like we’re in a golden ageRead News

Exxon’s Own Science Was Frighteningly Accurate About Global Warming, So It Covered It Up

Despite sowing uncertainty about the existence and cause of global climate change, Exxon has privately projected global warming with frightening accuracy for decades, a new study shows. By digitizing and analyzing internal documents produced by ExxonMobil scientists between 1977 and 2002, a team of researchers from Harvard and the University of Potsdam put numbers behind recent rallying cries and hashtags that “Exxon knew” that burning fossil fuels would contribute to an increase in the global average temperature. “Our findings show that ExxonMobil didn’t just know ‘something’ about global warming decades ago—they knew as much as academic and public scientists knew,”Read News

Chocolate coats the tongue to give a melt-in-the-mouth sensation, study finds

According to scientists, chocolate’s irresistible melt-in-your-mouth sensation comes down to the way it coats the tongue. The study investigated the physical process by which a solid square of chocolate turns into a smooth emulsion. It turned out that the chocolate released a layer of fat that coats the tongue, giving a smooth feeling the entire time it’s in your mouth. Dr Siavash Soltanahmadi, lead researcher on the study from the University of Leeds, said the findings could be used to design low-fat chocolate that mimics the feel of a high-fat product. “We believe we can develop the next generation ofRead News

Pollutionwatch: citizen science helps raise alarm about UK air pollution

More and more people are taking air pollution measurements themselves, urging action from national and local governments. Last year, Mark Tebbutt installed Chorley’s seventh air pollution monitor. Since 2013, Tebbutt, his family and friends have been buying and using their own air pollution control instruments. These are mounted on garden fences and on the sides of houses in the Lancashire town. You can find their data online alongside that of more than 30,000 citizen scientists around the world. Tebbutt’s network often measures particulate pollution in the evenings, while people sit around their fires: “I started taking measurements out of concernRead News

How India’s caste system limits diversity in science – in six charts

In recent years, groups of activists, students and researchers have been pushing institutions not only to follow quotas, but also to better support researchers from poor communities. “We’re doing this to hold up a mirror to these institutes to show how ugly they are,” says a spokesman for Egalitarians, an organization that tries to collect and publish data on diversity. The issue is part of a wider recognition of how privileged caste groups discriminate against marginalized communities – encouraged by India’s pro-Hindu Prime Minister Narendra Modi, say some academics who spoke to Nature but did not want to be named.Read News

The science behind healthy baby sleep Reel

Changing Families Stories that reflect how families live and change. 0-2 months: Babies this age sleep 24 hours a day and take 4 or more naps each day. Bedtime in newborns is naturally late, usually around 9:00 p.m. or later, but it’s important to start moving the bedtime earlier around 6/8 weeks. At 2 months, baby’s last nap should end at 6:30 p.m. How much milk should a 1 month old drink? During the first week after birth, babies should eat no more than about 1-2 ounces (30-60ml) per feed. During the first month, babies gradually eat more until theyRead News

Fifty years ago, scientists sequenced a gene for the first time

Molecular Biology’s flower child – Science News, January 6, 1973       During the past few years, several artificial genes have been synthesized…. But no one has discovered a real gene that dictates the production of a protein. Now researchers have… done just that… There is little doubt that gene sequencing holds powerful implications for the advancement of medical science. Update A new era of genetics research dawned when scientists reported that they had deciphered the building blocks of a gene that led to a virus. (The genes themselves look flowery when unfolded.) In the decades since, scientists have made genetic blueprints, orRead News

Our science predictions for 2023

The past year has seen many major scientific discoveries – from the first time a nuclear warhead produced more energy than it used, to Nasa smashing a spaceship into an asteroid in a mission that revealed the possibility of redirecting any space stone towards it. So what will 2023 bring? Ian Sample and science writer Hannah Devlin discuss the big stories they expect to hit the headlines in 2023, and their science predictions for the year ahead. How to listen to podcasts: everything you need to know Sources: PBS NewsHour, CNET Highlights, STV News, BBC News, CBC News, euronews TheRead News

Scientists just invented a whole new way to cool things

Say hello to ionocaloric cooling: a new way to lower mercury that has the potential to replace existing methods with something safer and friendlier to the planet. Conventional refrigeration systems transfer heat from space by cooling gas as it expands. Although this process works, some of the special gases we use are also not friendly to the environment. However, there are more than one way in which an object can be forced to absorb and release heat energy. A new method developed by researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California, Berkeley, US takes advantage ofRead News

We Finally Know How Ancient Roman Concrete Was So Durable

The dome of the Pantheon. (Ed Freeman/Stone/Getty Images) The ancient Romans were masters of building and engineering, perhaps most famously represented by aqueducts. And those marvels that are still functional rely on a unique construction material: pozzolanic concrete, a spectacularly durable concrete that gave Roman structures their incredible strength. Even today, one of their structures – the infamous Pantheon, still intact and almost 2,000 years old – holds the record for the world’s largest unreinforced concrete dome. The properties of this concrete have generally been attributed to its ingredients: pozzolana, a mixture of volcanic ash – named after the ItalianRead News

NASA science to be presented at American Astronomical Society meeting

The mission of AAS is to improve and share humanity’s scientific understanding of the universe, which it achieves through publishing, organization of meetings, advocacy, education and outreach, and training and professional development. What are the 3 main branches of astronomy? Branch of astronomy Atmospheric science – the study of the atmosphere and weather. Exoplanetology – various planets outside the Solar System. Planetary formation – the formation of planets and moons in the context of the formation and evolution of the Solar System. What are 3 things that astronomers study? Examples of topics or fields studied by astronomers include planetary science,Read News

Science in 2023: what to expect this year

Lunar missions, gigantic telescopes, CRISPR therapies and new vaccines – we look at what to look out for in the new year Related Articles Alzheimer’s drug slows mental decline in trial – but is it a breakthrough? UAE steps up space ambitions with Arab world’s first lunar mission Can mRNA vaccines transform the fight against Ebola? Subjects

Frontiers for Young Minds, edited by children, pushes scientists for clear writing

Who is a scientist for kids? A scientist is a person who conducts research to gain more knowledge in a particular field. There are scientists in a variety of fields: biology, physics, marine biology, zoology, etc. Scientists are NOT someone who just “knows” things or “guesses” answers. Scientists do research! What is a child scientist? Child science is a human science that brings together the natural, human and social sciences to consider children from an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary perspective. What is a science for kids? Who is a scientist in simple words? A scientist is someone who systematically gathers andRead News

The natives may have created the ‘dark soil’ of the Amazon on purpose

CHICAGO — For thousands of years, indigenous peoples of the Amazon may have intentionally created fertile soil for farming. At archaeological sites in the Amazon basin, mysterious patches of unusually fertile soil dot the landscape. Scientists have long debated the origin of this “dark earth,” which is darker and more carbon-rich than the surrounding soil. Now researchers have shown that the indigenous Kuikuro people of southeastern Brazil deliberately create similar soil around their villages. The finding, presented at the December 16 meeting of the American Geophysical Union, adds evidence to the idea that ancient Amazonians also intentionally prepared such soil.Read News