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The following joint statement was released by the Governments of the United States and France at the first meeting of the US-France Comprehensive Dialogue on Space.

In accordance with their common goal of advancing bilateral space cooperation as stated by their leaders, the Government of the United States of America and the Government of France held their first meeting of the Comprehensive Dialogue on Space in Paris on November 10, 2022.

This meeting was co-chaired by representatives of the Executive Office of the National Space Council of the President and the National Security Council for the United States, and by representatives of the General Secretariat for Defense and National Security (SGDSN) and the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs. Business from the French side. The main participants were the Departments of State, Defense, Commerce, Homeland Security, and Transportation; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence on the part of the United States, and the Ministry of Economy, Finance and Industrial and Digital Sovereignty; the Ministry of the Armed Forces (MINARM); the National Center for Spatial Studies (CNES); the French Space Command (CdE); and the Ministry of Higher Education and Research (MESR) on the French side.

The convening of this first Comprehensive Dialogue on Space begins an initiative announced by US Vice President Kamala Harris and French President Emmanuel Macron in November 2021 to ensure a whole-of-government approach to bilateral space cooperation. This Dialogue underscores the importance of the US-France alliance of more than 60 years of relationship in space and recognizes the growing nexus of civil, commercial and national security space activities and the increasingly interconnected nature of all three sectors.

At the inaugural meeting, US and French officials exchanged information on their respective space policies, including the US Space Priorities Framework and US National Security Strategy and national-level space policies and strategies of France. Both sides reiterated their strong determination to expand the already robust bilateral cooperation in a variety of sectors, including addressing the climate crisis; consult on the development and implementation of guidelines and standards, rules and principles of responsible behavior to promote the long-term sustainability of the space environment and the safety and stability of space activities; advancing national security space cooperation; and enable a sustainable space economy that preserves the benefits of space for future generations.

The participants had extensive discussions on the challenges to our common economic and national security interests. The two sides are determined to continue their close coordination to strengthen the global governance of space activities, promote the development and implementation of guidelines and norms, rules and principles of responsible behavior for the long-term sustainability of space space environment and safety and security. stability of space activity.

The two sides decided to deepen the bilateral coordination of national security space capabilities. They also decided to strengthen the coordination of national security space activities within NATO and with allies and partners around the globe. The two sides also confirmed their interest in working together to enhance the security of space systems and protect critical space infrastructure.

The participants discussed the ongoing bilateral cooperation in space exploration and science and the opportunity to strengthen our collaboration in these areas. Both sides are determined to continue collaborating on science missions to enhance understanding of our solar system and investigate the origins of our universe, including through NASA’s Artemis program. Participants also noted important science and Moon to Mars advances through the Mars Sample Return program. The participants also discussed potential cooperation on lunar surface activities.

The two sides celebrated France’s signing of the Artemis Accords in June 2022 and the in-person meeting of signatories of the Artemis Accords in September 2022 in Paris. The participants affirmed their common commitment to maintaining a robust dialogue with the signatories of the Artemis Agreements and using multilateral forums to advance the peaceful, responsible and sustainable exploration and use of space.

The two sides celebrated the US signing of the Space Climate Observatory Charter in June 2022, fulfilling the commitment made by US Vice President Kamala Harris during her visit in November 2021 in France. Both sides recognized the important role of Earth observation and space science, to include climate observation and observation of the global environment from space, in supporting mitigation and climate change adaptation, and noted the upcoming launch of the NASA-CNES Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT). mission Participants noted that SWOT will be the first global survey of Earth’s surface water, providing data for extreme events and long-term environmental changes that will improve our understanding of our changing climate. Both sides reaffirmed their commitment to global climate leadership through the open dissemination of Earth observation data and decided to continue developing operational tools to make this data actionable for governments and local communities. Both sides recognized the already unprecedented return of science from the James Webb space telescope launched on December 25, 2021, which was made possible by robust contributions from the American and French sides. The two sides expressed their intention to explore future potential cooperation activities in the field of Earth observation, especially regarding the mission of the Atmospheric Observing System.

Participants recognized the important contributions of the private sector in expanding our capabilities in outer space and welcomed efforts to strengthen industrial cooperation. Both sides recognized their shared desire to create a safe and transparent environment for commercial activities in outer space, including evolving and emerging space activities, clarifying the roles and responsibilities of government and the private sector and support a timely and responsive regulatory environment. In order to create free and fair market competition internationally, both sides noted the need to update and harmonize spatial policies, regulations and other measures that govern commercial activities around the world.

Participants also discussed multilateral cooperation, including our work in the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS) and the Open-Ended Working Group of the United Nations General Assembly on the Reduction of Space Threats (OEWG), two distinct but complementary fields. Participants recognized that space has a vital and complementary role to play in ensuring that human activity in outer space is safe, secure and sustainable so that space systems can continue to provide benefits to humanity in the future. The United States and France reaffirmed their commitment to work through UNCOPUOS to promote the responsible and sustainable use of outer space for peaceful purposes. For both sides, the implementation of the UNCOPUOS Guidelines for the Long-Term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities is a priority. The United States and France look forward to continued engagement on this topic in the UNCOPUOS Long-Term Sustainability working group. Both sides also stressed the importance of continued close coordination, bilaterally and with similar partners, to support the work of the OEWG and its success in 2023. They stressed that the development and implementation of voluntary standards of behavior responsible, combined with enhanced mutual. knowledge, dialogue, transparency and sharing of awareness of the domain of space, help to reduce the risks of misunderstandings and unintentional escalation. In this regard, both sides welcomed the recent approval by the First Committee of the United Nations General Assembly of UNGA draft resolution A/C.1/77/L.62 on destructive anti-satellite missile tests direct ascent.

The two governments recognized the importance of the Comprehensive Dialogue on Space and reaffirmed that this Dialogue supported cooperative relations between the two countries through ministries, departments and agencies.

The two sides agreed to hold the second meeting of the Dialogue in Washington, DC in 2023.

When did China interact with Europe?

Polo’s 13th century journey to China was the first to be well documented. However, Chinese historians have recorded much earlier visits by people thought by some to be emissaries of the Roman Empire during the Second and Third Centuries AD.

When did Europeans enter China? Europeans in China, 1500s-1750 The Portuguese, who led Western Europe’s first attempts to reach Asian markets by sea in the 15th and 16th centuries, first arrived in China in 1514 in the form of a formal embassy and commercial pirates. See the article : GoggleWorks Center for the Arts announces expansion.

Who Travelled from Europe to China?

Marco Polo, (born about 1254, Venice [Italy] – died January 8, 1324, Venice), Venetian merchant and adventurer who traveled from Europe to Asia in 1271-1295, staying in China for 17 of those years, and his Il milione (âThe Millionâ), known in English as the Travels of Marco Polo, is a classic of travel literature.

Who were the first Europeans in Asia?

Niccolò de’ Conti arrived in Southeast Asia as the first documented European at the beginning of the 15th century. Read also : Bigfork students go to science as interns in Glacier Park. Around 1498 Vasco da Gama, who had sailed around the Cape of Good Hope, established the first direct sea route from Europe to India.

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Does EU support China?

The EU continues to deal with China simultaneously as a partner for cooperation and negotiation, an economic competitor and a systemic rival. To see also : China and America are contesting for the South China Sea.


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Is Europe dependent on China?

HELSINKI, Nov 17 (Reuters) – Europe is currently too dependent on China for technologies and must be careful about this dependence, Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin said on Thursday.

Is China based in Europe? In addition to geopolitical considerations, investment from EU countries is also vital to China’s current economic development needs. Encouraging foreign investment in high-end manufacturing is part of China’s dual circulation strategy to strengthen its role in the global supply chain network.

What does China own in Europe?

Chinese companies own or have stakes in a wide range of European critical infrastructure, including ports, airports, electricity, wind and solar companies, and telecommunications.

How much does Europe depend on China?

Wuttke said that the EU is dependent on China only to a certain extent. China exports €1.7 billion worth of goods to the EU every day while the EU exports €660 million every day alone. The European market and consumers create 14 million jobs in China and support 2.2% of China’s GDP, he said.

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