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United Nations Headquarters

New York, New York

SEPTEMBER 21, 2022

Dear President, the Secretary General, my fellow leaders, in the last year, our world has changed a lot: a growing crisis in food insecurity; record heat, floods, and droughts; COVID-19; inflation; and an unnecessarily brutal war — a war that one man chose, to be very blunt.

Let us speak clearly. A permanent member of the United Nations Security Council invaded its neighbor, an attempt to wipe a sovereign state off the map.

Russia has shamelessly violated the highest principles of the United Nations Charter — none more important than the clear prohibition of countries taking their neighbors’ territory by force.

Again, just today, President Putin made blatant nuclear threats against Europe and reckless disregard for the responsibilities of the non-proliferation regime.

Now Russia is calling – wanting more soldiers to join the fight. And the Kremlin is organizing a fake referendum to try to annex parts of Ukraine, a very significant violation of the UN Charter.

This world should see these horrible acts for what they are. Putin claims he had to act because Russia was under threat. But no one threatened Russia, and no one other than Russia sought conflict.

In fact, we warned it was coming. And with many of you, we worked to try to avoid it.

Putin’s own words leave his true purpose unclear. Just before he invaded, Putin declared – and I quote – that Ukraine was “created” by Russia and had never, he said, “true statehood”.

And now we see attacks on schools, railway stations, hospitals, wa- — on centers of Ukrainian history and culture.

In the past, even more shocking evidence of Russia’s dilemma and war crimes: mass graves discovered in Izyum; bodies, according to those who dug up those bodies, showing signs of torture.

This war is about extinguishing Ukraine’s right to exist as a state, plain and simple, and Ukraine’s right to exist as a people. Whoever you are, wherever you live, whatever you believe, that should not make your blood run cold.

That is why 141 nations came together in the General Assembly to unilaterally condemn Russia’s war against Ukraine. The United States has provided enormous levels of security assistance and humanitarian aid and direct economic support to Ukraine — more than $25 billion to date.

Our allies and partners around the world have also stepped up. And today, more than 40 countries represented here have contributed billions of their own money and equipment to help Ukraine defend itself.

The United States is also working closely with our allies and partners to impose costs on Russia, to deter attacks on NATO territory, to hold Russia accountable for its attacks and war crimes.

Because if nations can pursue their imperial ambitions without consequences, we jeopardize everything this institution stands for. Everything.

All victories won on the battlefield belong to the brave Ukrainian soldiers. But last year, the world was tested as well, and we didn’t hesitate.

We chose freedom. We chose sovereignty. We have chosen principles that all parties to the United Nations Charter observe. We stood with Ukraine.

Like you, the United States wants this war to end on direct terms, on terms we all signed up for: that you cannot seize a nation’s territory by force. Russia is the only country against it.

Therefore, we — all of us in this body who are determined to uphold the principles and beliefs we promise to defend as members of the United Nations — must be clear, firm and unwavering in our resolve.

Ukraine has the same rights as all sovereign nations. We will stand in solidarity with Ukraine. We will stand in solidarity against Russian aggression. Period.

Now, it is no secret that, in the contest between democracy and autocracy, the United States — and I, as President — are supporting a vision of our life based on the values ​​of democracy.

The United States is determined to protect and strengthen democracy at home and around the world. Because I believe that democracy is humanity’s greatest instrument to face the challenges of our time.

We are working with the G7 and like-minded countries to prove that democracies can deliver for their citizens but also deliver for the rest of the world.

But as we gather today, the UN Charter — the cornerstone of a stable and just rules-based order is under attack by those who wish to destroy or distort it for their own political advantage.

And not only did the democracies of the world sign the United Nations Charter, it was negotiated among the citizens of many nations with very different histories and ideologies, united in their commitment to work for peace.

As President Truman said in 1945, the UN Charter — and I quote — is “proof that nations, like men, can state their differences, be able to face them, and then find common ground find a place to stand.” End of quote.

That common ground was so simple, so basic, that today 193 of you—193 member states—have willingly accepted its principles. And it is the task of each responsible member state to stand up to those principles of the UN Charter.

I reject the use of violence and war to conquer nations or expand borders through bloodshed.

A stand against the global politics of fear and coercion; to protect the sovereign rights of smaller nations on an equal footing with those of larger nations; acceptance of basic principles such as freedom of navigation, respect for international law, and arms control — whatever else we may disagree on, that is the common ground on which we must stand.

If you remain committed to a strong foundation for the good of all nations around the world, the United States wants to work with you.

I also believe that the time has come for this institution to become more comprehensive so that it can better respond to the needs of today’s world.

The members of the UN Security Council, including the United States, should consistently protect and defend the UN Charter and refrain from the use of the cross, except in extraordinary circumstances, to ensure that the Council remains credible and effective .

This is also why the United States supports increasing the number of both permanent and non-permanent representatives on the Council. This includes permanent seats for those nations we have long supported and permanent seats for countries in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean.

The United States is committed to this vital work. In each region, we sought new and constructive ways to work with partners to advance shared interests, from the rise of the Quad in the Indo-Pacific; to sign the Los Angeles Migration and Defense Declaration at the Summit of the Americas; join a historic meeting of nine Arab leaders to work towards a more peaceful and integrated Middle East; to host the US-Africa Leaders’ Summit next December.

As I said last year, the United States is opening an era of relentless diplomacy to address the most important challenges for people’s lives — all people’s lives: tackling the climate crisis, as the previous speaker spoke about [sic] — with him; strengthen global health security; feeding the world — feeding the world.

We made that a priority. And a year later, we are keeping that promise.

Since the day I came into office, we have had a bold climate agenda. We rejoined the Paris Agreement, held major climate summits, helped deliver critical agreements around COP26. And we helped get two-thirds of the world’s GDP on track to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

And now I’ve signed a historic piece of legislation here in the United States that includes the largest and most important climate commitment we’ve ever made in our country’s history: $369 billion toward climate change. That includes tens of billions in new investments in offshore wind and solar, doubling down on zero emission vehicles, increasing energy efficiency, supporting clean manufacturing.

Our Department of Energy estimates that this new law will reduce US emissions by one gigaton a year by 2030 and unleash a new era of clean energy-powered economic growth.

Our investments will also help reduce the cost of developing clean energy technologies around the world, not just in the United States. This is a global gamechanger – and none too soon. We don’t have much time.

We all know that we are already living in a climate crisis. No one seems to doubt him after last year. We meet — we meet — a large part of Pas— — and we are together, a large part of Pakistan is still under water; he needs help. Meanwhile, the Africa Cup of Nations is facing an unprecedented drought.

Families are faced with impossible choices, choosing which child to feed and wondering if they will survive.

This is the human cost of climate change. And it is growing, not decreasing.

So, as I announced last year, to fulfill our global responsibility, my administration is working with our Congress to deliver more than $11 billion a year to international climate finance to help low-income countries meet their implementing climate goals and ensuring a fair energy transition.

The key part of that is our PEPFAR [PREPARE] plan, which will help half a billion people, and especially vulnerable countries, adapt to the impacts of climate change and build resilience.

This need is huge. So, let this be the moment we have the will within ourselves to turn back the tide of climate destruction [sic] — devastation and unlock a clean, sustainable, resilient energy economy to preserve our planet.

For global health, we have provided more than 620 million doses of the COVID-19 vaccine to 116 countries around the world, and more are available to help meet countries’ needs – all free of charge. no strings attached.

And we are working closely with the G20 and other countries. And the United States helped lead the change to establish a brand new Fund for Pandemic Prevention, Preparedness and Response at the World Bank.

At the same time, we continued to advance the ball on ongoing global health challenges.

Later today, I will host the Seventh Replenishment Conference for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. With bipartisan support in our Congress, I have pledged to add up to $6 billion to that effort.

So I look forward to welcoming a historic round of pledges at the conference that has resulted in one of the largest global health fundraisers ever held in history.

We are also facing the food crisis head on. With up to 193 million people worldwide experiencing acute food insecurity – a jump of 40 million in a year – today I am announcing another $2.9 billion in US support for life-saving humanitarian assistance and food security for this year alone.

Meanwhile, Russia is pumping out lies, trying to blame the crisis – the food crisis – on the sanctions imposed by many around the world for the aggression against Ukraine.

So, let me be perfectly clear about something: Our sanctions expressly allow – expressly allow Russia the ability to export food and fertilizer. Unlimited. Russia’s war is worsening food insecurity, and only Russia can end it.

I am grateful for the work here at the UN — including your leadership, Mr. Secretary-General — in establishing a mechanism to export grain from Black Sea ports in Ukraine that have been blocked by Russia for months, and must for us to ensure that it will be extended.

We strongly believe in the need to feed the world. That’s why the United States is the world’s largest supporter of the World Food Program, with more than 40 percent of its budget.

We are at the forefront of support – we are at the forefront of supporting UNICEF’s efforts to feed children around the world.

And to address the larger challenge of food insecurity, the United States introduced a Call to Action: a roadmap to end global food insecurity – to end global food insecurity endorsed by more than 100 nation states already with him.

In June, the G7 announced more than $4.5 billion to strengthen food security around the world.

Through USAID’s Feed the Future initiative, the United States is promoting innovative ways to get drought- and heat-resistant seeds into the hands of farmers who need them, while distributing fertilizers and improving fertilizer efficiency so that with farmers growing more while using less.

And we are asking all countries to refrain from banning food exports or stockpiling grain while so many people are suffering. Because in every country in the world, no matter what else separates us, if parents can’t feed their children, nothing else matters if parents can’t feed their children.

As we look to the future, we are working with our partners to update and create the rules of the road for the new challenges we face in the 21st century.

We launched the Trade and Technology Council with the European Union to ensure that key technologies — key technologies are developed and regulated in a way that benefits everyone.

Together with our partner countries and through the UN, we are supporting and strengthening the norms of accountability — the responsible behavior of states in cyberspace and working to hold accountable those who use cyber attacks to threaten international peace and security.

With partners in the Americas, Africa, Europe, and the Middle East, and the Indo-Pacific, we are working to build a new economic ecosystem and – where every nation – every nation gets a fair shot and there is resilient economic growth, sustainable. , and shared.

That is why the United States has promoted a global minimum tax. And we’ll work to make it happen so that big corporations pay their fair share everywhere – everywhere.

It is also the idea behind the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework, which the United States launched this year with 13 Indo-Pacific economies. We are working with our partners in ASEAN and the Pacific Islands to support a vision for a vital Indo-Pacific region that is free and open, connected and prosperous, secure and resilient.

Together with partners around the world, we are working to provide resilient supply chains that protect everyone from coercion or domination and ensure that no country can use energy as a weapon.

And as Russia’s [sic] war – disrupts the global economy, we are also asking major global creditors, including the non-Paris Club countries, to negotiate debt forgiveness for low-income countries transparently to prevent wider economic and political crises. The world.

Instead of infrastructure projects that generate huge and huge debts without realizing the promised benefits, let’s meet the huge infrastructure needs around the world with transparent investments — high-quality projects that protect the rights of workers and the environment — that are central to the needs of the Environment. communities they serve, not the participant.

That’s why the United States, together with fellow G7 partners, launched a Global Infrastructure and Investment Partnership. We plan to mobilize $600 billion together

in investment through this partnership by 2027.

Thousands of projects are already underway: industrial scale vaccine manufacturing in Senegal, transformative solar projects in Angola, a similar small modular nuclear power plant in Romania.

These are investments that will pay off not just for those countries, but for everyone. The United States will work with all nations, including our competitors, to solve global problems like climate change. Climate diplomacy does not favor the United States or any other nation, and walking away harms the entire world.

Let me be straight about the rivalry between the United States and China. As we manage shifting geopolitical trends, the United States will behave as a reasonable leader. We do not seek conflict. We are not looking for a Cold War. We do not ask any nation to choose between the United States or any other partner.

But the United States will be relentless in promoting our vision of a free, open, secure and prosperous world and what we have to offer the peoples of nations: investments designed not to foster dependency, but to ease burdens and to help nations stand up for themselves. -enough; partnerships not to create political obligation, but because we know our own success — each of our successes is magnified when other nations also succeed.

When people have the opportunity to live with dignity and develop their talents, everyone benefits. It is vital in this regard that the highest goals of this institution are adhered to: to increase peace and security for everyone, everywhere.

The United States will not waver in our unwavering determination to counter and prevent the continuing terrorist threats to our world. And we will focus our diplomacy on the peaceful resolution of conflicts.

We strive to protect peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait.

We remain committed to our One China policy, which has helped prevent conflicts for four decades. And we continue to oppose unilateral changes in the status quo on either side.

We support a peace process led by the African Union to end the fighting in Ethiopia and restore security to all its people.

In Venezuela, where years of political repression have driven more than 6 million people from that country, we call for a Venezuelan-led dialogue and a return to free and fair elections.

We continue to stand with our neighbor in Haiti as it faces politically motivated gang violence and a massive humanitarian crisis.

And we ask the world to do the same. We have more to do.

We will continue to support the UN-brokered ceasefire in Yemen, which has brought precious months of peace to a people who have endured years of war.

And we will continue to support a lasting negotiated peace between the Jewish and democratic state of Israel and the Palestinian people. The United States is committed to Israel’s security, full stop. And a negotiated two-state solution is still, in our view, the best way to ensure Israel’s security and prosperity for the future and to give the Palestinians the state — which they are entitled to — that both sides fully respect equal rights their citizens. ; both enjoying an equal amount of freedom and dignity.

Let me also urge all nations to recommit to strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime through diplomacy. Regardless of what else is happening around the world, the United States is ready to pursue critical arms control measures. A nuclear war cannot be won and can never be fought.

The five permanent members of the Security Council reaffirmed that commitment in January. But today, we have seen disturbing trends. Russia reached the Non-Proliferation ideals adopted by all other nations at the 10th NPT Review Conference.

And again, today, as I said, they are making irresponsible nuclear threats to use nuclear weapons. China is building an unprecedented, nuclear build without any transparency.

Despite our efforts to initiate serious and sustained diplomacy, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea continues to flagrantly violate UN sanctions.

And while the United States is prepared for a mutual return to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action if Iran violates its obligations, the United States is clear: We will not allow Iran to acquire a nuclear weapon.

I always believe that diplomacy is the best way to achieve this result. The non-proliferation regime is one of the greatest successes of this institution. We cannot let the world slide backwards now, and we cannot turn a blind eye to the erosion of human rights.

Perhaps the Universal Declaration of Human Rights stands out among the achievements of this body, which is the standard by which our ancestors challenged us to measure ourselves.

They made it clear in 1948: Human rights are the basis for everything we want to achieve. And yet today, in 2022, fundamental freedoms are threatened in every part of our world, from violations — in Xinjiang detailed in recent reports from the UN Office — U.S. — reports detailed by the US [UN] High Commissioner, to the horrific abuses against pro-democracy activists and ethnic minorities by the military regime in Burma, to the increased oppression of women and girls by the Taliban in Afghanistan.

And today, we stand with the brave citizens and women of Iran who are currently demonstrating to achieve their basic rights.

But here is what I do know: The future will be won by those countries that unlock the full potential of their populations, where women and girls can exercise equal rights, including basic reproductive rights, and contribute fully to stronger economies and building more resilient societies; where religious and ethnic minorities can live their lives without harassment and contribute to the fabric of their communities; where individuals of the LGBTQ+ community live and love without being targeted by violence; where citizens can question and criticize their leaders without fear of reprisal.

The United States will always promote the human rights and values ​​enshrined in the UN Charter at home and around the world.

Let me end with this: This institution, guided by the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, is undoubtedly a core act of hope.

Let me say that again: It is undoubtedly an act of hope.

Think of the vision of those first delegates who undertook a seemingly impossible task while the world was still in shambles.

Think how divided the people of the world must feel with the fresh grief of millions dead, the genocidal horrors of the Holocaust exposed.

They had every right to believe only the worst of humanity. Instead, they reached for the best in all of us, and strove to build something better: lasting peace; comity among nations; equal rights for all members of the human family; cooperation for the advancement of all mankind.

Fellow leaders, the challenges we face today are great, but our abilities are greater. Our commitment must be even greater.

Let us therefore stand together to reaffirm the indisputable resolve that the nations of the world are still united, that we stand for the values ​​of the United Nations Charter, that we still believe that by working together we can bend the arc of history in a more positive direction cheaper and fairer. a world for all our children, although none of us have fully realized it.

We are not passive witnesses to history; we are the authors of history.

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