Most say U.S. is reliable partner, and ratings for Biden are mostly positive – although down significantly from last year
This analysis by the Pew Research Center focuses on the public opinion of the United States, Russia and NATO in 17 countries in North America, Europe, the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region. The report is based on nationally representative surveys of 19,903 adults from 14 February to 11 May 2022. All surveys were conducted by telephone with adults in Canada, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Japan , Malaysia, Singapore and South Korea. Surveys were conducted face to face in Poland and Israel and online in Australia.
Data collection began a week before the Russian invasion of Ukraine in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Britain and Japan. All other countries began fieldwork the same day or shortly after the invasion. Because of the time it takes to translate, program, and test questions in our international surveys, we have given priority to collecting data at the start of this important international event rather than postponing or pausing fieldwork to add questions specifically about war or actions taken by world leaders. See the article : The Special Committee on the Initiation Approves the Value of Call for the United States to Improve the System for Self-Determination Puerto Rico, Ultimate Independence | Conference and Prayer Articles. in response. The analysis focuses on the assessments of Presidents Joe Biden and Vladimir Putin, the leading countries and NATO during the war in Ukraine. This data report discusses the context of more than a decade of transnational trends.
Attitudes about Russia and NATO also include data from the United States. From March 21 to 27, 2022, after the start of the war in Ukraine, we surveyed 3,581 adults in the United States. All those who participated in this survey are members of the Center’s American Trends Panel (ATP), an online survey panel that is recruited through national, random sampling of residential addresses. This way, almost all adults in the U.S. have a choice. The research was weighted to be representative of the U.S. adult population by gender, race, ethnicity, partisan affiliation, education, and other categories.
The Pew Research Center has conducted several studies on ATP since the start of the war to measure Americans ’attitudes toward Russia, NATO, and invasion. Read more about American public opinion about the war:
Here are the questions used for the report, along with the answers. See our methodological database for more information on research methods outside the United States. For U.S. respondents, read more about the ATP methodology.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine brought war to Europe on an unprecedented scale since the 1940s. In response, the United States and its NATO allies provided Ukrainian defense forces with weapons and training, while millions of refugees fled to neighboring countries. The war has been the focus of international attention for months, and according to a new Pew Research Center survey of 18 countries, it has influenced public opinion.
Russia’s ratings, which were already negative in most of the nations surveyed, fell further after the invasion. In 10 countries, 10% or less of respondents express a positive opinion of Russia. Positive views on Russian President Vladimir Putin are in single digits in more than half of the nations surveyed.
In contrast, attitudes toward NATO have been largely positive, and ratings for the alliance have improved in several countries since last year, including Germany and the United States, as well as non-member Sweden. Sweden’s attitudes towards NATO became increasingly positive during field research dates.
Meanwhile, overall ratings for the US are generally positive and stable. A median of 61% in 17 nations (not including the U.S.) expresses a positive opinion of the U.S. However, there have been some changes since last year, with favorable opinions rising significantly in South Korea, Sweden and Australia, while declining significantly in Greece, Italy and France.
Over the past few years, our surveys have revealed strong concerns in advanced economies about the health of American democracy. In 2021, more than half of most nations surveyed said democracy in the U.S. was once a good example for other nations that followed, but no more. This year’s survey reveals a consensus on U.S. division policy: the vast majority in almost all nations surveyed say there are strong conflicts between people who support different political parties in the U.S.
The vast majority in most countries see America as a reliable partner to their country, and the share of the public that holds this view has increased over the past year in most countries where trends are available. For example, 83% of South Koreans consider the United States a reliable partner, compared to 58% in 2021.
U.S. President Joe Biden’s rating has fallen since 2021, and confidence in the U.S. leader has fallen significantly in 13 countries, including a 20 percentage point or more drop in Italy, Greece, Spain, Singapore and France. Despite these changes, attitudes toward Biden remain largely positive, with a median of 60% in the nations surveyed expressing confidence in him to do the right thing in world affairs. Biden gets his highest marks in Poland (82% trust) and the lowest in Greece (41%).
Data from four countries we have consistently examined over the past two decades – France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom – illustrate a long-term pattern of the attitudes of recent US presidents in Western Europe. George W. Bush received low and declining marks during his tenure, while Barack Obama received mostly high marks. Attitudes toward Donald Trump were markedly negative. Biden receives much more positive reviews than his predecessor, although his rating fell in all four countries in the second year of his presidency.
The only country in the study where Biden gets lower marks than Trump is Israel. Six out of ten Israelis see Biden positively, but 71% felt that way Trump when we last polled there in 2019 (2017, 56% of Israelis rated Trump positively, and in 2018 it was 69%). Israeli attitudes toward U.S. presidents have varied significantly over the past two decades, although overall attitudes toward the U.S. have remained consistently favorable.
Scope and timing of the 2022 Global Attitudes Survey
This report includes data from a survey of 18 countries: the United States, Canada, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Israel, Australia, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore and South Korea. During the pandemic, our international research was mainly focused on advanced economies where telephone or online surveys are available. Read also : ‘Very scary’: Email reveals US alarm about China-Solomons pact. In many regions, we usually conduct face-to-face interviews, which has often been difficult since the outbreak of COVID-19. However, for the current research, face-to-face interviews have been conducted in Israel and Poland, and we are optimistic that face-to-face research will be more accessible in the future.
The interviews were conducted from February 14 to May 11, 2022, and most took place after the Russian invasion of Ukraine, which began on February 24. Due to the timeframes involved in designing and conducting the survey, we were not able to include questions that directly measure opinions related to the war. However, as this report points out, we have several findings that reflect the impact of the war on public opinion, particularly in terms of attitudes towards Russia and NATO.
The survey does not include questions that directly measure opinions on how Biden or the U.S. coped with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
However, one issue that would lead to a lower rating of Biden could be a major foreign policy issue in the summer of 2021: the US withdrawal from Afghanistan after two decades of military presence in the country. The current poll shows that the public surveyed believes that the withdrawal from Afghanistan was the right decision, but that the withdrawal was poorly handled. And confidence in Biden is significantly lower among those who say the withdrawal is not well resolved. Confidence in Biden has also plummeted among those who do not believe the U.S. is a strong partner to their country.
Biden’s high marks in 2021 may have partly reflected people’s reactions to the new president after Trump’s term, during which the American president received historically low marks in many countries. In the second year of his presidency, Biden remained popular, but some of the initial enthusiasm for his presidency waned. And the falls for Biden are greater than those for Obama during his second year in power.
Biden’s overall scores are similar to those for the two European leaders involved in the survey, French President Emmanuel Macron (62% with confidence in him) and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz (with a median of 59%). However, there are some significant differences in ratings for the three leaders within individual countries. For example, Biden gets much better reviews than his French and German counterparts in Poland and Israel, while Macron is easily the most popular of the three leaders in Greece. The survey, conducted during France’s presidential election, shows modest improvements in Macron’s ratings in several countries. Overall, Scholz gets slightly lower marks than his predecessor Angela Merkel, although this is partly due to the fact that some respondents are unfamiliar with the new German leader.
Chinese President Xi Jinping receives mostly low marks, although most in Singapore and Malaysia express confidence in him. The median of only 9% has confidence in Putin that he will do the right thing in world affairs, with his already low rating falling over the past year in all countries where trends are available.
However, attitudes about Putin have not always been so negative. The Pew Research Center has been monitoring attitudes toward the Russian leader for two decades, and in the early 2000s his assessment was much more positive in North America and Western Europe. For example, in a 2003 survey, 75% of Germans expressed confidence in Putin. In a 2003 telephone poll, Americans were somewhat divided in their views (47% do not trust Putin, 41% believe). Since then, however, it has received mostly negative ratings, and its rating is now the lowest in all countries where we have trend data. In the United States, the party’s division of trust in Putin has narrowed, seen during the Trump administration, with a large majority of both Democrats and Republicans who now have no confidence in the Russian president.
Confidence in world leaders often varies by age, but while younger adults tend to trust Biden and Macron less than older ones, they are more likely to trust Putin in many countries. In Germany, for example, half of adults aged 18 to 29 believe Biden will do the right thing in world affairs, compared to about three-quarters of adults aged 50 and over. And although overall trust in Putin is much lower, about a quarter of young Germans trust him, compared to only 10% of older Germans.
Ratings for Russia are also at the lowest level of all time in almost all countries in the study. Poles and Swedes stand out for the intensity of their negative attitudes. A full 97% of Poles have an unfavorable opinion of Russia, and 91% have a very unfavorable opinion. In Sweden, 94% express an unfavorable attitude, and 80% say that their opinion of Russia is very unfavorable. Malaysia is the only exception in relation to Russia, with almost half (47%) of positive opinions, while 50% have a negative view of Russia.
The survey includes 11 NATO member states, and attitudes about the alliance have improved in five of those countries since 2021 (Germany, Britain, Poland, the US and the Netherlands), although they have declined in two (Greece and Italy). One of the more interesting patterns in terms of relations with NATO is Sweden, a long-standing officially neutral country that recently applied for NATO membership following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Sweden’s attitudes towards NATO have been in a positive direction in recent years, and in the current survey, 79% gave the alliance a favorable rating – the highest rating ever recorded in a survey by the Pew Research Center in Sweden. Moreover, attitudes became more positive during the survey, which began in Sweden on February 24, the same day that the Russian invasion began. Among Swedes interviewed between April 5 and 20, near the end of the field research period, 84% said they had a positive view of NATO.
In several countries, attitudes about NATO are more positive among people on the right of the ideological spectrum. Among Greeks on the political right, for example, 41% have a positive view of NATO, compared to only 19% among those on the left. Similar samples are found in Spain, Sweden, France and the United Kingdom. However, in the US and Canada, this pattern is reversed: Americans and Canadians on the left are much more likely to express a positive attitude about the alliance than those on the right.
In the US, NATO’s rating is more positive among Democrats and Independent Democrats (78% in favor) than among Republicans and Republicans (55%), although that party gap has narrowed since 2021, when 77% of Democrats and 44% of Republicans gave are alliance positive ratings.
These are among the main findings of a new Pew Research Center survey, conducted from February 14 to May 11, 2022, among 23,484 adults in 18 countries. The analysis of the attitude towards the United States excludes data from the United States. The analysis of attitudes about NATO includes data from 11 member states plus Sweden. All 18 nations are included in the sections on attitudes about Russia and international leaders.
How many nuclear bombs Russia have?
Russia has more than 1,500 warheads deployed on long-range strategic systems and nearly 3,000 in reserve, according to an estimate published in the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists. On the same subject : The US is urging countries to reach out if they have problems with Russian food, exporting fertilizer.
How many nuclear bombs does China have? A total of about 350 warheads. In 2020, the U.S. Department of Defense estimated that China has operational stockpiles of nuclear warheads in the low 200s, but predicts that number could double over the next decade.
Which country has the most nuclear bombs?
|Earth||Military supplies||Total inventory|
|Russia||4,477 th most common||5,977 th most common|
|United States||3,708 th most common||5,428 th most common|
What are USA’s allies?
Other key U.S. allies, such as Germany, Japan, and South Korea, are viewed that way by most Americans. And a number of American diplomatic partners such as Israel, Taiwan and India are considered by many Americans to be either partners or allies.
Who are America’s best allies? These are the 5 best allies of the United States from around the world, based on ability
- United Kingdom. The United Kingdom is an American ride-or-die, and vice versa. …
- France. France gets a lot of undeserved attacks due to the loss in World War II (at first). …
- India. …
- Israel. …
What percent of Ukraine is Russian?
According to the survey, Russian is spoken at home by 43-46% of the country’s population (in other words, a similar share as Ukrainian), and Russophones make up the majority of the population in the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine: Autonomous Republic of Crimea – 97% of the population.
What is the majority race in Ukraine? 43,745,640 (estimated in July 2021) Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatars 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0, 3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, other Jews 1.8%, other Jewish 0.8% (2001 estimate) The World Factbook, an irreplaceable source of basic information.
What percent of Ukraine population is Russian?
(17.3% of the population of Ukraine).
What percent of Ukraine is Ukrainian?
Ukrainians make up almost 77.8% of the total population, while Russians rank second with almost 17% of the population.
What does Russia get from the US?
Of the $ 5.8 billion in U.S. exports to Russia in 2016, the main sectors of goods were transportation equipment (33.9%), machinery and mechanical appliances (31.0%), and chemicals, plastics and leather products (13.9 %).
Is the US exporting anything to Russia? In 2020, the United States did not export any services to Russia. Russia-USA Russia exported $ 11.9 billion to the United States in 2020.
What did Russia trade with the US?
The largest import categories (2-digit HS) in 2019 were: mineral fuels ($ 13 billion), precious metals and stone (platinum) ($ 2.2 billion), iron and steel ($ 1.4 billion), fertilizers ($ 963 million) and inorganic chemicals ($ 763 million). Total U.S. imports of agricultural products from Russia were $ 69 million in 2019.
What do we export to Russia?
U.S. exports to Russia are also quite technological, including machinery ($ 1.2 billion), aircraft ($ 1.2 billion), vehicles ($ 725 million), optical and medical instruments ($ 506 million), and electrical machinery. ($ 349 million).
What does Russia import from the US?
|Russia Imports from the United States||Value||Year|
|Machines, nuclear reactors, boilers||$ 1.79 billion||2020|
|Vehicles other than rail, tram||$ 1.53 billion||2020|
|Pharmaceutical products||$ 1.15 billion||2020|
|Optical, photographic, technical, medical apparatus||$ 1.14 billion||2020|